As caregivers, I’m sure every one of us has a story they can relate about a senior or loved one who’s fallen and hurt themselves badly. In fact, among the elderly, falling is the major cause of injury and hospital admissions. According to the Centers for Disease Control, one in three adults in the over 65 age group will fall in any given year. These falls are the leading cause of both their fatal and nonfatal injuries with fractures of the spine, hip, and forearm taking the lead. Statistically, in the over 75 age group, falling more often then not results in an admission to a long term care facility for a year or longer. These are pretty frightening statistics.
We’re all pretty familiar with tips about how to prevent falls in an elderly person’s home. Making the home safer by eliminating hazards is the first line of defense since over half of all falls happen at home. Some things we need to do include tacking down loose carpets, removing any clutter from stairways and floors, installing railing in all the stairways, and making sure there is plenty of bright light in the home. We can also make additional modification to the home by installing grab bars near the toilet and in the shower/tub area. Shower chairs and transfer benches allow a senior a safe stable way to get in and out of the tub.
Besides modifying the home for safety issues it’s also important to try to determine what other factors may contribute to your loved one’s risk of falling. If your loved one is inactive they will certainly have muscle weakness. This lack of strength and flexibility is a very strong risk factor for falling. Helping them do some weight bearing exercises can reduce this risk. Vision problems like glaucoma and cataracts can contribute to falls. Make sure your loved one has a regular eye exam. Some medications can cause dizziness or confusion and should be discussed with the family doctor if you suspect this is happening. Proper nutrition to get adequate vitamin D and calcium can lower the risk of hip fractures. These are all steps you can take as a caregiver to help prevent falls. Just remember that falling isn’t an inevitable part of getting older. There’s a lot you can do to prevent these falls. Do you have any other tips? Share below and visit us at http://www.trilliumhomecare.com